Some foods can weaken the lower esophageal sphincter, making it easier for the contents of the stomach to reach the esophagus.
The American College of Gastroenterology’s clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and management of GERD do not list dairy as a cause of heartburn. However, high fat dairy products, such as whole milk and yogurt, can relax the sphincter, potentially leading to heartburn.
Other foods that can relax the lower esophageal sphincter include:
Some doctors recommend avoiding all foods that cause acid reflux. However, this may not be necessary as some people with heartburn can tolerate some of the foods on this list.
People who experience heartburn should keep track of the foods that cause their symptoms and avoid those foods.
People with lactose intolerance have difficulty digesting the lactose in dairy products. If they eat these foods, they may experience:
- abdominal bloating
- abdominal pain
People sometimes refer to these symptoms as heartburn, but the medical community does not consider acid reflux to be a symptom of lactose intolerance.
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