To make a diagnosis, a doctor will begin by carrying out a physical examination. An initial examination will involve applying pressure to the abdomen. This will help the doctor to check the location of pain and to feel for any abnormalities.
A doctor will also make a note of the person’s medical history, and any other symptoms they experience. They may also ask whether there is anything that triggers the pain or makes it worse.
Diagnostic tests, such as urine, blood, or stool tests, may also be necessary. These can help to identify signs of infection or other underlying conditions.
In some cases, a doctor may order one of the following imaging tests to check for abnormalities in the abdomen:
If the imaging tests come back normal, a doctor may perform a colonoscopy for a closer look inside the intestines.
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