Medical News Today: Everything you need to know about nuchal chord

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    Balkawade, U. N., & Shinde, M. A. (2012, October 3). Study of length of umbilical cord and fetal outcome: A study of 1,000 deliveries. The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India, 62(5), 520–525. Retrieved from

    Bernad, E. S., Craina, M., Tudor, A., & Bernad, S. I. (2012). Perinatal outcome associated with nuchal umbilical cord. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 39(4), 494–497. Retrieved from

    Ergin, R. N., Yayla, M., & Ergin, A. S. (2014, April). Fetal demise due to cord entanglement in the early second trimester. Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings, 27(2), 143–144. Retrieved from

    Hashimoto, K., & Clapp, J. F. (2003, October). The effect of nuchal cord on amniotic fluid and cord blood erythropoietin at delivery. Journal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation, 10(7), 406–411. Retrieved from

    Henry, E., Andres, R. L., & Christensen, R. D. (2013, March). Neonatal outcomes following a tight nuchal cord. Journal of Perinatology, 33(3), 231–234. Retrieved from

    Hutchon, D. J. R. (2013, October). Management of the nuchal cord at birth. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, 1(1), 4–6. Retrieved from

    Joshi, K., Saxena, R., Bhat, M., Lomrod, Y., & Verma, K. (2017, February 7). Incidence of cord around the neck and its effects on labour and neonatal outcome. Advances in Human Biology, 7(1), 15–18. Retrieved from

    Karunanidhi, S., Ghose, S., Pallavee, P., Begum, J., & Rathod, S. (2015, August). Maternal and neonatal outcome in newborns with nuchal cord loop: A comparative study. International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4(4), 1122–1127. Retrieved from

    Kobayashi, N., Aoki, S., Oba, M. S., Takahashi, T., & Hirahara, F. (2015, July 9). Effect of umbilical cord entanglement and position on pregnancy outcomes. Obstetrics and Gynecology International, 2015, 342065. Retrieved from

    Kong, C. W., Lee, D. H., Chan, L. W., & To, W. W. (2015, April). Impact of nuchal cord on fetal outcomes, mode of delivery, and management: A questionnaire survey of pregnant women. Hong Kong Medical Journal, 21(2), 143–148. Retrieved from

    Ohno, Y., Terauchi, M., & Tamakoshi, K. (2016, November). Perinatal outcomes of abnormal umbilical coiling according to a modified umbilical coiling index. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 42(11), 1457–1463. Retrieved from

    Parr, M., Colley, P. D., Wai, N. S., Paw, S. S., Ner, M., Tun, N. W., … McGready, R. (2014, February 20). Clinical audit to enhance safe practice of skilled birth attendants for the fetus with nuchal cord: Evidence from a refugee and migrant cohort. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 14, 76. Retrieved from

    Peesay, M. (2012, August 28). Cord around the neck syndrome. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, 12(Suppl 1), A6. Retrieved from

    Singh, G. & Sidhu, K. (2008, July). Nuchal cord: A retrospective analysis. Medical Journal Armed Forces India, 64(3), 237–240. Retrieved from

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