Medical News Today: Can essential oils treat a UTI?

Source Article from

Medical News Today: What is the best thing for stiff joints?

Many people experience stiff joints as they age. Others may experience joint stiffness due to medical conditions and lifestyle choices. Sometimes, people can treat stiff joints at home.

Many people who experience joint stiffness tend to feel it after sitting for prolonged periods or after first waking up. Some people experience a mild discomfort that goes away after moving again. Others find that the stiffness lasts longer and is more uncomfortable.

In more severe situations, stiff joints may impact a person’s mobility. People may have difficulty putting weight on their joint or have problems standing or walking. Some factors that may cause joint stiffness include:

What are the causes?

Most people will experience joint stiffness at some point. Age is a common cause of joint stiffness due primarily to a lifetime of use. When age is the primary reason for stiff joints, any number of joints may be affected.

Common causes include:


Stiff joints in elbow held by woman.
Resting a joint affected by bursitis may cause any stiffness or pain to pass.

Bursitis develops when tiny, fluid-filled sacs in the joints called bursae become inflamed. The inflammation causes pain as well as stiffness.

Bursitis can happen in nearly any joint, but it is most common in larger joints, such as:

  • shoulders
  • hips
  • knees
  • ankles
  • elbow

It is also common in the big toe.

Bursitis usually heals by itself with rest. A person should typically:

  • reduce activities that move the joint
  • rest the joint for long periods

Resting the joint allows the bursae to recover, causing the pain and stiffness to go away.


Osteoarthritis is a degenerative type of arthritis that affects nearly 27 million people in the United States. This type of arthritis is due to wear and tear and is, therefore, more frequently seen in people over the age of 65.

Osteoarthritis often affects:

  • fingers
  • hips
  • knees
  • back
  • neck

As it progresses it can cause:

  • swelling and pain
  • cracking noises with movement

Treatments usually center around relieving pain and reducing swelling in the joints. People whose osteoarthritis is particularly painful and debilitating may require surgery.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Arthritis is one of the most common causes of joint stiffness.
Arthritis is one of the most common causes of joint stiffness.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is another common arthritis that affects about 1.5 million people in the U.S. RA typically appears in younger adults between the ages of 30 and 60.

RA is an autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to attack otherwise healthy joints. People with RA will experience pain and swelling as the body attacks the joints.

There is no cure for RA. Treatments focus on slowing the progression of the disease.


Lupus is another autoimmune disease that causes the immune system to attack healthy tissue, such as muscles and joints. When lupus attacks the joints, symptoms include:

  • swelling
  • stiffness
  • pain

Lupus is often difficult to diagnose because many of the symptoms are similar to other medical conditions. There is no cure and symptoms will get worse over time.

Treatment focuses on treating the symptoms. Available treatments tend to be effective in helping people find symptom relief.


Gout is a sudden onset arthritis that tends to affect males more often than females. Gout is a condition that develops quickly, with symptoms sometimes appearing overnight, often in the big toe.

Symptoms include:

  • severe pain
  • severe tenderness
  • stiff joints
  • swelling and increased warmth of the joint

Gout can develop in any joint. Gout will typically appear for a short period and go away. People with gout often get symptoms on and off throughout their life.

Treatment focuses on reducing the severity of the symptoms and lowering levels of uric acid in the blood.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today

When to see a doctor

Doctor inspecting patients knee for joint pain as they sit on bed.
Loss of normal mobility in a joint should be investigated by a doctor.

People do not need to see their doctor if joint stiffness typically occurs first thing in the morning or after sitting for extended periods.

But if stiffness comes on suddenly or does not go away after a few days, people should speak to their doctor.

People should also speak to their doctor if they have:

  • rapid swelling
  • severe pain
  • deformity of the joints
  • joint redness that is hot to touch
  • loss of mobility in the joint

Stiff joints can be a sign of a more significant health problem. People should speak to their doctor about their symptoms if in any doubt.

What are the home remedies?

There are many over-the-counter (OTC) and home remedies to help alleviate the pain and swelling.

Many of these remedies can be carried out alongside other treatments that a doctor has recommended or prescribed. It is essential that people speak to their doctor if the cause of joint pain is unknown, comes on suddenly, or is accompanied by other symptoms.

Home remedies include:

  • using hot and cold compresses
  • taking OTC anti-inflammatories
  • losing excess weight
  • doing exercise
  • eating a balanced diet
  • taking supplements, such as fish oil and glucosamine sulfate

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today


Many people will experience joint stiffness as they age. Most often this stiffness will wear off after a person gets up and moves around. Other people, however, may experience joint stiffness as a result of an underlying condition.

Anyone who has any doubt about the cause of their joint stiffness should speak to their doctor to help rule out or treat a potential underlying condition. With proper treatment and some home remedies, a person can typically relieve their stiff joints.

Source Article from

Medical News Today: Why do some people sneeze after eating?

Sneezing is a natural response to irritation in a person’s nasal cavity. Sneezing can also be triggered by eating food. It may be that all foods or specific foods cause a person to sneeze.

Sneezing is often the result of inhaling something that irritates the nose, but it can also be caused by breathing in cold air, looking into bright lights, plucking eyebrow hair, or eating food.

In this article, we look specifically at the causes for sneezing while eating, and how to prevent this from happening.

What causes sneezing after eating?

There are several possible causes for a person to sneeze after meals. These include:

Gustatory rhinitis

Sneezing after eating
Gustatory rhinitis occurs when the nasal nerves are hypersensitive to environmental triggers.

Gustatory rhinitis is a condition that specifically causes a person to sneeze after eating. Rhinitis is a general term for irritation or swelling that happens in the nose.

Gustatory rhinitis is not related to allergies, so it is known as nonallergic rhinitis. It happens when the nasal nerves are hypersensitive to environmental triggers.

Symptoms of gustatory rhinitis usually come on within minutes of eating and can include:

  • sneezing
  • a runny nose
  • nasal congestion or stuffiness

Gustatory rhinitis is especially common after eating spicy or hot foods including:

  • hot peppers
  • curry
  • wasabi
  • hot soups

According to an article in the journal Current Opinions in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, there are special receptors in the lining of the nose that detect capsaicin, a compound found in chili peppers. When these fibers detect the presence of capsaicin, they can trigger one or more sneezes.

A person can prevent these symptoms by avoiding trigger foods. They may wish to keep a food and symptom diary to find out what foods cause their gustatory rhinitis.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today

Snatiation reflex

Some people may sneeze after eating a large meal. This is known as the snatiation reflex, which is a combination of the words ‘sneeze’ and ‘satiation.’

A person experiences this reflex when their stomach is full and becomes stretched. This may result in one sneeze or a sneezing fit. The cause is unknown, but there may be a genetic component.

Food allergies

Sometimes when a person eats foods they are especially sensitive or allergic to, they can sneeze. Other symptoms may include itchy eyes or a mild skin rash.

In severe instances, a person may have a severe allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis that causes extreme swelling and difficulty breathing. Some of the most common foods that can trigger allergies are milk, eggs, peanuts, soy, and tree nuts.

A cold or flu

Also, sometimes a person may have a cold or other illness that can cause them to sneeze after eating. The two occurrences – eating and sneezing – may seem related but are separate.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today

How to prevent sneezing after eating

Trying to prevent sneezing after eating
By pinching the bridge of the nose and holding one’s breath, a person may be able to prevent sneezing.

A person cannot always prevent sneezing after eating from occurring. However, there are some tips to try that may reduce sneezing. These include:

  • Holding one’s breath while counting to 10, or as long as a person can comfortably hold their breath. This helps to inhibit the sneezing reflex.
  • Pinching the bridge of the nose to keep the sneeze from occurring. This has a similar effect as someone holding their breath.
  • Avoiding foods known to cause sneezing or foods that a person is allergic to. If a person is unsure which foods trigger this response, a doctor may recommend keeping a food diary or doing an elimination diet.
  • Eating smaller meals throughout the day instead of several large ones, as large meals can trigger the snatiation reflex.
  • Taking over-the-counter (OTC) decongestants, such as pseudoephedrine, to reduce any nasal swelling or sensitivity that could cause sneezing after eating. Commercial decongestants can be found online.
  • OTC antihistamine nasal sprays may also help to reduce the incidence of sneezing after eating. These sprays block the release of histamines, which are inflammatory compounds that can cause sneezing. Antihistamine sprays can be purchased online.


Sneezing after eating is rarely cause for medical concern, but can be annoying, distracting, and irritating at times. It can also cause droplets to spread in the air, which risks the spread of viruses and bacteria, so a person may wish to reduce the likelihood they will sneeze after eating.

Currently, there is no cure for gustatory rhinitis or snatiation. In many cases, a person can prevent this reflex by steering clear of certain foods or avoiding eating large meals.

If a person thinks they may have a food allergy that is contributing to their sneezing, they can talk to their doctor about allergy testing or other interventions based on their overall health.

Source Article from

Medical News Today: Is telogen effluvium reversible?

Telogen effluvium is a form of temporary hair loss that usually happens after stress, a shock, or a traumatic event. It usually occurs on the top of the scalp.

Telogen effluvium is different from the permanent hair loss disorder called alopecia areata. Large amounts of a person’s hair might fall out, but it is often temporary, and the hair usually grows back.

In this article, we look at the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of telogen effluvium, including dietary changes that may help.

What is telogen effluvium?

man pulling hair off of a hairbrush with telogen effluvium
Increased shedding or thinning of a person’s hair is characteristic of telogen effluvium.

A person is described as having chronic telogen effluvium if they frequently experience periods of hair shedding for more than 6 months. Telogen effluvium is generally reversible.

A person with this condition does not lose all their hair, although it may become noticeably thin.

Telogen effluvium is a form of hair loss characterized by hair thinning or an increase in hair shedding. It occurs more often in women and is usually triggered by a disturbance to the hair cycle.

The hair cycle typically has three phases:

  1. Anagen or growth phase.
  2. Catagen or transitional phase.
  3. Telogen or resting phase.

Telogen effluvium is associated with the telogen phase. Normally, 5 to 10 percent of a person’s hair is in the telogen phase at any one time.

With telogen effluvium, the anagen phase slows down, meaning that fewer hairs enter the next two stages. With this condition, around 30 percent of hair follicles move into the telogen phase, which means that hair shedding occurs.


The main symptom of telogen effluvium is an increase in the amount of hair a person sheds.

Someone may notice that more hair than usual is falling out when they wash or brush their hair. They may also find more hair in the drain or on their pillow.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today


business man working hard stressed with headache
Severe stress may cause telogen effluvium.

Disturbances to the hair cycle can be caused by a number of triggers, including:

  • Severe stress. Prolonged periods of stress can result in telogen effluvium. Hair loss typically occurs about 3 months after the stressful event.
  • Poor diet. Hair requires key nutrients including protein, iron, B-vitamins, and zinc to grow. A shortage of these nutrients may affect the quality and quantity of a person’s hair.
  • Sudden weight loss. Weight loss or chronic calorie restriction, such as in anorexia nervosa, can cause the hair to shed.
  • Pregnancy and childbirth. During pregnancy, more hair is in the growth phase for longer. Hormonal changes that occur 3 to 6 months after birth can cause hair to shed. This is called post-partum telogen effluvium.
  • Menopause. Hormonal changes that occur during the menopause may also cause telogen effluvium.
  • Certain drugs. Certain medications and recreational drugs can cause hair loss.
  • Underlying health conditions. These can include autoimmune disease, conditions that affect the thyroid gland, and alopecia areata.
  • Surgery. Depending on the type of procedure, length of stay in hospital, medications, and overall nutritional status.
  • Metal toxicity. Contact with toxic chemicals in metal can lead to hair loss.


Treatment for telogen effluvium depends on what is triggering the hair loss. Once the trigger has been established and addressed, the hair cycle should normalize and hair will begin to grow back.

Treatment options include:

  • addressing nutritional deficiencies through diet
  • non-surgical hair replacement
  • hormone replacement therapy for people experiencing menopause
  • counseling support to manage stress or anxiety

A person should try to avoid chemical or heat treatments that could damage the hair. They should also avoid heat styling and heat treatment, such as curling or perming the hair.

Dietary considerations include the following:

  • Protein provides the building blocks for hair to grow. Make sure the diet includes plenty of protein-rich foods such as meat, eggs, fish, beans, grains, and nuts. The amino acid lysine may be particularly important for hair growth.
  • Iron deficiency may be linked to telogen effluvium. Making changes to the diet to include iron-rich foods may help with hair loss. These include red meat, liver, dark green leafy vegetables, beans, and lentils.
  • Supplementation can be considered for a short time while nutritional status is improved.

For professional advice, a person can contact a dermatologist or trichologist.


With telogen effluvium, it is common for hair to grow back within 3 to 6 months after the cause has been dealt with. Sometimes, the rate of shedding slows down but does not stop entirely. In most cases, no more than 50 percent of the hair is lost.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today


Doctor examining scalp for telogen effluvium
A doctor will examine the hair and scalp to diagnose telogen effluvium.

When diagnosing telogen effluvium, a doctor will examine the hairs that have fallen out.

Several tests can be performed to diagnose telogen effluvium:

  • The diameter and length of the lost hairs can signal this condition, and may help a doctor to differentiate between this and alopecia.
  • A hair pull test may be carried out to see how much hair is being shed.
  • A wash test can be performed whereby the number of hairs lost during washing is counted.
  • A blood test may be useful to work out the cause of hair loss. These tests can help diagnose iron deficiency or thyroid insufficiency.

A dermatologist might be able to diagnose telogen effluvium and offer advice. They will look at other indicators of hair health, such as the appearance of the scalp, any patches of baldness, or more generalized hair thinning.


Telogen effluvium is a common cause of temporary hair loss. It is characterized by an abrupt onset of hair shedding usually seen several months after a triggering event.

It usually lasts for around 6 months, except for cases of chronic telogen effluvium, which last longer. No specific treatment exists, but lifestyle and dietary changes can be effective in beginning hair regrowth.

Source Article from

Medical News Today: What are phleboliths and are they safe?

Source Article from

Medical News Today: Parkinson’s: Targeting new compound slows disease in rats

New research finds that acrolein, a byproduct of oxidative stress, is key in the progression of Parkinson’s disease. Targeting the compound was found to slow down the condition in rats — a discovery that may soon lead to new drugs for the illness.
dopaminergic neurons
Blocking a newly discovered compound may slow down the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons (depicted here).

Parkinson’s disease affects approximately 500,000 people in the United States, with 50,000 new cases being diagnosed every single year.

The condition is neurodegenerative, meaning that the neurons in a brain area tied to motor skills and movement control gradually deteriorate and die.

These brain cells would normally produce dopamine, which is a neurotransmitter key for regulating complex movements as well as controlling mood.

Although current therapies for Parkinson’s involve drugs such as Levodopa, which the brain can use to create dopamine, the reason why dopaminergic neurons die in the first place remains unknown.

So, now, a team of researchers led by two professors at Purdue University in West Lafayette, IN, investigated the hypothesis that a product of oxidative stress might be a key player in this cell death and the development of the disease.

Oxidative stress takes place when oxygen radicals are produced in excess, a process that results in a series of damaging effects, such as increased toxicity and damage to our DNA.

Riyi Shi and Jean-Christophe Rochet, who are both professors at the Purdue Institute for Integrative Neuroscience and the Purdue Institute for Drug Discovery, jointly led the research, whose results were published in the journal Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today

Studying acrolein in rats

Profs. Shi, Rochet, and colleagues used a model of genetically modified rats to induce Parkinson’s-like symptoms and study the behavior of their dopaminergic cells, both in vitro and in vivo.

The researchers found that the compound called acrolein tends to build up in the brain tissue of rats affected by Parkinson’s.

Acrolein, as the researchers explain, is a toxic byproduct of the brain burning fat for energy. The compound is normally discarded from the body.

Interestingly, however, the study revealed that acrolein raises the levels of alpha-synuclein. This is the clumpy protein that is believed to kill dopamine-producing neurons because it accumulates in unusual amounts in the brain cells of those with Parkinson’s or Lewy body dementia.

Additionally, injecting acrolein into healthy rats produced behavioral deficits typical of Parkinson’s. So, next, the researchers wanted to see if targeting this compound would stop the disease from progressing.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today

Blocking acrolein slows down Parkinson’s

To this end, the team conducted experiments both in cell cultures and in the animals, evaluating their anatomy and the functionality of their behavior.

They turned to hydralazine, a drug used to treat blood pressure. As Prof. Shi explains, hydralazine is incidentally also “a compound that can bind to the acrolein and remove it from the body.”

Remarkably, the scientists found that inhibiting acrolein with hydralazine alleviated Parkinson’s-like symptoms in rats, as the study’s co-lead author reports.

Acrolein is a novel therapeutic target, so this is the first time it’s been shown in an animal model that if you lower the acrolein level, you can actually slow the progression of the disease […].”

Prof. Riyi Shi

“This is very exciting,” he says. “We’ve been working on this for more than 10 years.”

“We’ve shown that acrolein isn’t just serving as a bystander in Parkinson’s disease. It’s playing a direct role in the death of neurons,” adds Prof. Rochet.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today

Rats vs. humans: Toward new drugs

Prof. Rochet cautions that, although promising, finding a drug that halts the disease in rats is still a far cry from finding an equivalent compound in humans.

“In decades of research, we’ve found many ways to cure Parkinson’s disease in preclinical animal studies,” he says, “and yet we still don’t have a disease therapy that stops the underlying neurodegeneration in human patients.”

“But this discovery gets us further down the drug discovery pipeline, and it’s possible that a drug therapy could be developed based on this information,” Prof. Rochet adds.

Although hydralazine is already in use and we know that it has no noxious effects, the researchers say that it may not prove to be the best anti-Parkinson’s drug down the line, for various reasons.

“Regardless,” Prof. Rochet continues, “this drug serves as a proof of principle for us to find other drugs that work as a scavenger for acrolein.”

“It is for this very reason,” Prof. Shi explains, that “we are actively searching for additional drugs that can either more efficiently lower acrolein, or do so with fewer side effects.”

“The key is to have a biomarker for acrolein accumulation that can be detected easily, such as using urine or blood,” he says.

The goal is that in the near future we can detect this toxin years before the onset of symptoms and initiate therapy to push back the disease. We might be able to delay the onset of this disease indefinitely. That’s our theory and goal.”

Prof. Riyi Shi

Source Article from

Medical News Today: What is cervicitis and what causes it?

Source Article from

Medical News Today: ‘Biomedical tattoo’ might catch cancer early

Often, cancer goes undetected until its advanced stages, when treating it becomes very difficult and the outlook less promising. But researchers from Switzerland are developing an implant that could alert “wearers” to the presence of cancer early on.
brown mark on skin
A biomedical tattoo that looks like a brown mole when it ‘lights up’ could alert its ‘wearer’ to early signs of cancer.

Recently, the media has been inundated with the news of “smart tattoos” — developed by researchers from Harvard University in Cambridge, MA.

They help to monitor health using biosensitive ink that changes color following the modifying composition of the body’s interstitial fluid.

Now, Prof. Martin Fussenegger — of the Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering at Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich in Switzerland — alongside a team of researchers, has developed the prototype of another such “tattoo” for a precise purpose: detecting the possible presence of cancerous cells early on.

Numerous types of cancer are diagnosed late, which diminishes the efficacy of treatment and might mean that people will likely not see positive long-term health outcomes.

“Early detection increases the chance of survival significantly,” explains Prof. Fussenegger, adding:

For example, if breast cancer is detected early, the chance of recovery is 98 percent; however, if the tumor is diagnosed too late, only 1 in 4 women has a good chance of recovery. “

“Nowadays,” he continues, “people generally go to the doctor only when the tumor begins to cause problems. Unfortunately, by that point it is often too late.”

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today

Prof. Fussenegger and team believe that this situation might, in the future, be significantly improved by the specialized skin implant that they devised — which they call a “biomedical tattoo.”

Their biomedical tattoo is set to recognize four of the most widespread types of cancer — which are also often detected late — namely: breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer.

The researchers have conducted a feasibility study, in which they tested the efficacy and accuracy of their prototype on mice and on pig skin.

Their results, which so far have been promising, are published in the journal Science Translational Medicine.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today

How the implant works

At the earliest stages of cancer development, blood levels of calcium become super-elevated in a phenomenon known as “hypercalcemia.” Studies have reported that 30 percent of individuals diagnosed with a form of cancer have an elevated calcium concentration in their systems.

The implant consists of a series of “genetic components” that are incorporated into body cells; once inserted under the skin, this implant is then able to monitor blood calcium levels.

Should these levels spike abnormally, melanin — which is the body’s natural pigment — would then “flood” the genetically modified cells, giving them the appearance of a brown mole. Thus, the “wearer” would be alerted very early of any telling signs of cancer.

“An implant carrier should then see a doctor for further evaluation after the mole appears,” Prof. Fussenegger says.

“The mole does not mean that the person is likely to die soon,” he adds. To the contrary, the carrier should simply take it as an early sign that they may need to check their health status.

Also, the implant “is intended primarily for self-monitoring, making it very cost effective,” as Prof. Fussenegger notes.

However, should a person not wish to be exposed to the potential stress that an artificial “mole” might “light up” anytime, and potentially signal cancer, they would have another option.

Prof. Fussenegger and colleagues have also developed an alternative implant style, wherein the colored marker of hypercalcemia only becomes visible under a special red light, similar to the “invisible ink” concept.

This means that the implant carrier would need a “regular check [that] could be carried out by their doctor,” says Prof. Fussenegger.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today

Upcoming trials and tribulations

The tests conducted so far have confirmed that the implant is reliable as a diagnostic aid, but it does have some drawbacks. The main problem is that it does not have a long “shelf life,” so it would have to be “updated” repeatedly.

“Encapsulated living cells last for about a year,” notes Prof. Fussenegger, “according to other studies. After that, they must be inactivated and replaced.”

Another catch is that this implant is, as yet, only an early prototype, and much more research is needed before it can be put to the test on humans. The road to making the biomedical tattoo available for use is long and laborious.

“Continued development and clinical trials in particular are laborious and expensive, which we as a research group cannot afford,” explains Prof. Fussenegger, confessing that the overall research process could take over a decade to be completed.

But the wait and the effort, he adds, is definitely worth it, since this is a concept that could be adapted so that it can help to diagnose a plethora of different conditions — from neurodegenerative diseases to hormonal disorders — early on.

Source Article from

Medical News Today: What is cervical stimulation and is it safe?

The roles that the vagina and clitoris play in sexual pleasure are well-known. However, there is a third “spot” that some people say can produce intense, full-body orgasms. This form of stimulation is known as cervical penetration, although this term is misleading, as the cervix is not actually penetrated.

The cervix is a small canal that sits at the top of the vagina. There is a tiny opening that runs through the center and connects the vagina to the uterus. This is called the external os.

Except during childbirth, the cervical os is not open and is too small to be penetrated. However, the stimulation that occurs when a penis or other object rubs or pushes against the cervix is what causes a pleasurable sensation for some people.

During sexual arousal, the vagina will elongate, which pulls the cervix up and out of the way. As a result, cervical stimulation cannot usually be achieved with just the fingers and requires penetration by the penis or a sex toy.

Read on for the answers to some of the commonly asked questions about cervical stimulation.

Frequently asked questions

Is cervical stimulation safe?

Woman gripping pillow in bed during cervix penetration
Some people may find cervical stimulation uncomfortable.

Cervical stimulation is a completely safe activity. However, just because it is safe does not mean that everyone has to be okay with trying such deep penetration.

It is essential for a woman to communicate with her partner about what feels good and whether she finds this type of penetration comfortable.

Does it hurt?

Someone may find cervical stimulation painful or uncomfortable, causing cramping or pressure, if they are not aroused. Having a partner back off or avoid deep penetration can help to relieve discomfort.

It is necessary to make sure that a woman is very aroused and to open the channels of communication between partners to make cervical stimulation a more comfortable and pleasurable experience.

Pain during sexual intercourse is also known as dyspareunia. According to Columbia University, NY, around 60 percent of women will experience this at one time or another.

Even though pain during sex is fairly common, it should still be mentioned to a doctor, especially if it occurs frequently.

Several medical conditions can cause pain during sex, including:

Is bleeding normal?

Bleeding during sex is not normal, as such, but it is common. Friction can cause delicate tissues to become irritated and tear, which may cause bleeding.

The cervix is also made up of very sensitive tissue and can easily be bruised during vigorous sexual activity or deep penetration.

Can it damage the cervix?

It is unlikely, but it is important to stop any time that something causes a lot of pain or bleeding.

Mild discomfort that is not severe is usually nothing to be overly concerned about.

What is a cervical orgasm?

While not as well-known as the G-spot or clitoral orgasms, the cervix or C-spot can also be highly sensitive.

Some women report having very intense, full-body orgasms that begin in the cervix and spread through the entire abdomen or even the whole body.

Just as everyone has different sexual interests or preferences, it is important to recognize that not every woman will enjoy the sensation of having their cervix stimulated. Some women just do not like it, and that is okay too.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today

Before trying cervical stimulation

Couple communicating in bed about cervix penetration
It is important to communicate what feels good and what does not.

There are a few important things for people to consider before experimenting with cervical stimulation:

  • Start slowly: It is important for people to start slowly and wait for complete arousal before attempting cervical stimulation. Go slowly and give the body a chance to adjust to the deeper sensations. Build intensity or pressure gradually, and stop or slow down as needed.
  • Communicate openly and frequently: If attempting cervical stimulation with a partner, make sure to communicate about what feels good and, most importantly, what does not.
  • Aim for the front of the body: During sexual stimulation, the cervix moves up and towards the front of the body. As the vaginal canal gets longer when aroused, only a penis or sex toy is usually long enough to reach the cervix.
  • Have fun: Play around with different positions or try using a lubricant if needed. As always, it is crucial to communicate about what is working and what is not.

Staying safe

Although people are not likely to sustain an injury when experimenting with cervical stimulation, it is still crucial to stop if it hurts and avoid painful movements. Pushing past the point where it is comfortable or enjoyable can cause bruising or tears to the cervix.

In addition to staying safe and comfortable during cervix stimulation, it is important to remember that pregnancy can occur. It is also still possible to contract a sexually transmitted infection with this type of sexual activity.

Condoms or other barrier contraceptive methods should be used to prevent spreading infections. Protection against pregnancy is also needed if the couple does not want to conceive.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today


Cervical penetration is not actually possible. The term refers to the stimulation and manipulation of the sensitive cervix.

Although many women report having very intense and pleasurable orgasms as a result of this type of stimulation, not every woman enjoys it.

As with any new sexual behavior, it is best for a couple to communicate openly and go slowly.

Source Article from

Medical News Today: Why is my eyelash growing in the wrong direction?

An ingrown eyelash grows in the wrong direction, towards the eye. The medical term for this growth is trichiasis.

An ingrown eyelash can touch the eyeball, irritating the eyeball or surrounding skin. This may lead to pain, redness, watery eyes, and damage to the cornea. Trichiasis can be caused by injury, inflammation, and some eye conditions.

Like other ingrown hairs, eyelashes can also become trapped under the skin and grow inward. This can cause symptoms similar to those of eye disorders, such as styes, which usually result from bacterial infection. It is important to identify and treat the problem correctly.

In this article, we look at the causes, symptoms, and treatments of an ingrown eyelash.

What is an ingrown eyelash?

Woman inspecting ingrown eyelash in bathroom mirror
An ingrown eyelash may curl towards the eye itself, causing irritation.

Most ingrown hairs become trapped under the skin, creating a painful bump. The sheath of cells surrounding the hair, called the hair follicle, may become infected. This can all be especially painful when an eyelash is involved.

Trichiasis is slightly different. The eyelash grows outside the skin, but in the wrong direction. Eyelashes on the upper eyelid usually grow upward toward the forehead, allowing them to catch debris and protect the eye. Trichiasis causes these eyelashes to curl down and inward, toward the eye.

On the lower eyelid, where eyelashes typically grow downward, trichiasis causes them to grow upward toward the eye.

Trichiasis can even cause the lashes to touch the eye, causing irritation. A person may feel like there is something in the eye.

Trichiasis is more common in adults than children, but it can occur in anyone.


An eyelash trapped under the skin can easily be mistaken for an infected gland in the eyelid, called a stye. A stye looks like a pimple or red lump. It usually drains on its own after several days. If the pain is intense or the stye does not go away, antibiotics can treat the infection.

However, a person can easily distinguish a stye from trichiasis, which is characterized by a reversal of eyelash direction.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today


Trichiasis can occur in a few eyelashes, but it can gradually affect many or all of the eyelashes.

Most people with trichiasis notice a specific area in which many or all of the lashes are growing in the wrong direction.

Changes in eyelash growth can irritate the eye and lead to other symptoms, such as:

  • a sensation that something is in the eye
  • redness around the eye
  • heightened sensitivity to light
  • watery eyes
  • itchy or painful eyes

If left untreated, trichiasis can injure the eye, for example by scratching the cornea and exposing the area to infection.

When another eye condition is causing trichiasis, there may be additional symptoms. A condition that often occurs with trichiasis is called blepharitis. This involves inflammation of the eyelid margin, and a person with blepharitis may notice that the skin on their eyelid peels, turns red, collects mucus or is unusually sensitive.

Causes and types

While trichiasis may have no obvious cause, common causes include:

  • Injury. Scar tissue that develops after an injury can cause eyelashes to grow in a different direction. Eye surgery can also have this effect.
  • Developmental changes. The eyelashes and hair follicles may temporarily change shape as a child grows. Any resulting trichiasis is usually temporary.
  • Blepharitis. Chronic blepharitis involves inflammation and irritation of the eyelid, which may cause the skin to peel, turn red, and collect mucus and bacteria.
  • Entropion. This condition causes the eyelid to fold inward, which can lead to trichiasis. Age-related muscle and tissue weakness can cause entropion, as can infection or injury.
  • Herpes of the eye. Herpes can infect the eye and damage the eyelid, causing trichiasis.
  • Trachoma. Trachoma is a severe eyelid infection that can impact the eyelashes and even cause blindness. Trachoma is more common in developing countries.

In rare cases, chronic illnesses that affect the eyelids or mucous membranes, such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome, cause trichiasis.


Person having their eye inspected by a doctor.
A doctor may be able to remove ingrown eyelashes.

When just a few eyelashes are misshapen or ingrown, a doctor will usually remove them. They may regrow in the right direction. It is also important to treat the underlying cause.

When many eyelashes are ingrown, or when eyelashes regrow in the wrong direction, the following treatments can help:

Permanent hair removal

An ingrown eyelash can be removed using electrolysis. A doctor will damage the follicle with an electric current to prevent the hair from re-growing. Several sessions may be necessary.

Laser hair removal is an alternative, and a 2015 study compared its effectiveness to that of electrolysis. Laser hair removal had a first-time success rate of 81 percent, with just 19 percent of targeted lashes regrowing. The first-time success rate of electrolysis was 49 percent, with 63 percent of the lashes regrowing.


This procedure is designed to freeze off the affected lashes and their follicles.

Repositioning surgery

A doctor can surgically reposition an eyelid or eyelashes. A 2015 review of the various treatment techniques for trichiasis suggested that surgery was most effective for people with trachoma.

Thank you for supporting Medical News Today


Trichiasis can cause:

  • chronic eye irritation
  • corneal injuries
  • infections in the eye

When the eye infection trachoma causes trichiasis, it can lead to blindness.

Anyone who suspects that they have an ingrown eyelash should see an eye doctor. If there is an underlying cause, identifying it can prevent further damage.


Trichiasis can be annoying and painful. Though it sometimes clears on its own, many people try several treatments before finding one that works.

A doctor specializing in eye and eyelid conditions can help to diagnose the cause, discuss the most effective treatment options, and suggest prevention strategies. A person who suspects that they have an ingrown eyelash should see an ophthalmologist or optometrist.

Source Article from